III. Realized Projects

Andrea Lenardin Madden

looking west, facing east from A Little Joy of a Bungalow October 13, 2013 – January 5, 2014

Schindler Lab gave me the welcome opportunity to revisit the Schindler House for a third time and to work again in the very space that marked the beginning of my life in Los Angeles.

I arrived here in 1996 on a six-month grant from the Austrian government. The MAK Center’s Artist and Architects-in-Residence Program, the brainchild of former longtime MAK director Peter Noever, had just been put in place, in 1995, to reinvigorate cultural cross-pollination between Vienna and Los Angeles. The program was intended to foster a dialogue about art and architecture by reactivating the Schindler House as a place for discourse, very much in alignment with Rudolph and Pauline Schindler’s use of their space.

The installation I created as a MAK resident was titled instant days. Inspired by TV dinners that cater to the desire for instant gratification, instant days introduced the notion of the day as a commodity, designed to assist and enrich the consumer’s life. A kinetic aluminum apparatus displayed vacuum-sealed days in an infinite loop, each day’s pouch containing “emotional” nutritional information. The first project in a series examining the value of substance, instant days was a lighthearted comment on a consumer culture in which essence (e.g., ingredients) is irrelevant as long as the expected surface (e.g., look) is delivered.

As a location for exhibiting art, the Schindler House can seem adversarial. The house is definitively not a house museum; nothing is “on display.” Completed in 1922, it embodies Schindler’s manifesto for a domestic space: “The modern dwelling will not freeze temporary whims of owner or designer into permanent tiresome features. It will be a quiet, flexible background for a harmonious life” (Manifesto, Vienna: 1912). The floor plan defied contemporary domestic conventions and introduced a live/work environment many decades ahead of its time. But without rooms, windows, trim, or other expected domestic features and decoration, it poses a challenge: the necessity to engage.

One must embrace the house’s scale, its proportions, and the thoughtful hierarchy of its sparse palette of elements. One can’t simply hang something on the wall or put something on the floor. In the case of instant days, how do you suspend a 5-meter long, 105-kilogram rotating exploded “Rolodex” in a historically protected house that allows only clamped mounting connections? A careful study of the space taught me how, and the rigor behind Schindler’s systems inspired the execution:

1. Remove all ballast.

2. Refrain from “finishes.”

3. Embrace and experiment with the existence of contradictions.

My second engagement with the Schindler House followed in 2003, when I was invited to submit an architectural study for the house’s neighboring south lot, soon to be closed in by a multi-story apartment complex. During the competition, I kept in mind something Schindler had written for Dune Forum in 1934: “Modern architecture can not be developed by changing slogans. It is not in the hands of the engineer, the efficiency expert, the machinist or the economist. It’s developing in the minds of the artists who can grasp ‘space’ and ‘space forms’ as a new medium to serve as a vehicle for human expression.”

I proposed an annex connected to the house on a subterranean level via the sunken gardens. The new space would have added 7,000 square feet to the multipurpose cultural complex, allowing an urban park of bamboo gardens and terraced landscape to serve as a portal between the properties. In effect, this would have removed many of the limitations posed by the Schindler House’s intimate scale, while honoring the original architecture and expanding Schindler’s vision of a social and cultural meeting place.

Finally, a third engagement with the house: my installation looking west facing east, which I made for Schindler Lab in 2013. Composed of three light pieces, this work was conceived for the original Pauline Schindler studio and revisited the methodology I had established with instant days: remove, refrain, experiment.

looking west facing east was a study of the interplay of light and mood, in reference to a central theme of Schindler’s “space architecture.” The light pieces appeared extruded from the negative spaces defined by the house’s architecture, their proportion and position in direct relationship to the glass slots between the tilt-up panels. Each side of the double-faced lights had a distinct hue and luminescence—in shades of pink as a homage to Pauline’s spirit. (I had been impressed to learn that when she moved back into the former Chace apartment, she painted the walls pink and put up curtains, signaling her resistance and independence.)

Working with the same directive that nothing be mounted to the existing structure, the light pieces were suspended by a spring-loaded pole structure and wired discreetly, using the lower beam structure to hide the cables. As a result, the installation was materially transient. Playing with the effect of captured light, it created a fissure and projection at once—reflecting on a romanticized past and looking into an unknowable future.

In looking west facing east, I wanted to capture a sense of departure with no destination in sight and none desired, a sense of being driven by the ultimate horizon, and a sense of resistance, resilience, and defiance resonant with the Schindler aesthetic—both Rudolph’s and Pauline’s.

Andrea Lenardin Madden is a Los Angeles-based architect.

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